What Is Amenorrhea and Hypomenorrhea?

What Is Amenorrhea and Hypomenorrhea?

5 min read

November 18, 2021

Amenorrhea is the absence of your menstrual cycle, often defined as missing three periods consecutively. Hypomenorrhea is when your cycle is extremely light or spotty. There are a wide variety of causes for these two conditions. Amenorrhea can be caused by anything ranging from pregnancy, breastfeeding, sudden weight loss, menopause, and hormonal imbalance. Causes of Hypomenorrhea can be low body fat, stress, hormonal imbalance and other factors. If you experience either of these symptoms and it is causing you issues, you may want to consult your medical doctor.

What To Know About Amenorrhea, Hypomenorrhea, and Your Menstrual Cycle 


The lack of a period impacts anywhere from one to four percent of women throughout their lifetimes in the United States, according to the National Institute of Health. In other countries, there are similar numbers. Amenorrhea is typical when you are breastfeeding or pregnant. However, amenorrhea can also be caused by diet, lifestyle, and other factors. 

If you are physically active, you may encounter a condition known as “athletic amenorrhea.”  This condition is not necessarily caused because one is underweight, but it is due to a lack of energy to sustain both your menstrual cycle and physical activity. 

Certain types of hormone imbalances are also responsible for amenorrhea. For example, low leptin can be associated with the absence of your period. Contraceptives and birth control can also cause amenorrhea. 

Over time, amenorrhea poses other health issues. The body will stop producing adequate estrogen, which can cause rapid calcium loss. 


Hypomenorrhea is fairly common if you are on birth control, such as pills, an IUD, or Depo-Provera. Birth control reduces the amount of endometrium to be shed during your cycle, leading to lighter periods. Other leading causes of a lighter cycle include low thyroid hormone, high prolactin or insulin, and other hormonal imbalances. 

Asherman’s syndrome is another cause of hypomenorrhea. This condition happens when there is scar tissue inside the uterus or cervix. Low body fat, stress, and other life factors can also contribute to hypomenorrhea. 

Common Treatments for Amenorrhea and Hypomenorrhea 

For amenorrhea, hormone replacement therapy is a common treatment option. Such hormone therapy consists of estrogen and progestin. Hormone replacement therapy is also a common treatment for hypomenorrhea. Reduction of stress and diet can help reduce these conditions in women. 

Ensuring that you are taking sufficient nutrients for your body may also help with amenorrhea and hypomenorrhea. Vitamin B6 can help with balancing the hormone prolactin. Having enough calcium will ensure good bone density, Vitamin D will help with the calcium absorption therefore improving bone health. 

Try Scarlet To Help Balance Your Menstrual Health  

Scarlet is a menstrual health tonic that is rich in complex B vitamins, vitamin D, calcium, magnesium, chaste berry, and wild yam. These ingredients help balance your overall menstrual health and can support healthy cycles.

Start your Scarlet journey today!

You are one step closer to achieving healthy, pain-free periods! With Scarlet, you can experience the healing benefits of nature’s finest ingredients to keep you happy all year round.

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